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October 2013 edition

Eileen M. Curran and Gary Simons, editors

Introduction by Gary Simons

After contributing to the original Wellesley Index, and publishing several subsequent updates in Victorian Periodicals Review, Eileen Curran initiated this Index with Patrick Leary as an on-line home for corrections to and extensions of the Wellesley project. To this project she brought precise thinking and unbiased assessment, clarity and conciseness of prose, and extraordinary knowledgeability. Although ill health prevented her from publishing Curran Index reports after 2007, she persisted in her life-long calling, and this update includes a number of findings from her later years. The Curran Index, challenged to meet Eileen Curran's standards of excellence, continues.

Although the world of scholarship, like the world at large, has changed dramatically since the 1958-1989 years of the Wellesley project, the life blood of Victorian periodical studies still resides in the examination of the individual writings of thousands of contributors, representing differing vantage points of gender, interest, status, and situation, and contributing to a large number of varied periodicals. Our field treats not just the big names, but rather contemplates the works of the multitude. The Curran Index tackles a fundamental question: who are these nineteenth-century periodical contributors, and what did they write? Determinations of who wrote what, where and when, remain valuable both in their own right and as building blocks for new investigations.

Further, the second decade of the twenty-first century has brought with it exploratory tools that were not available to the Wellesley investigators. Subsequent republication of a periodical article in a collection associated with a specific individual was always considered a good, although not fool-proof, indication of authorship. But it was often very difficult to determine if an article had been republished. Candidate books of collected articles were often scarce, maintained perhaps at only a handful of primary academic libraries. And without a hint as to authorship, how would one know where to look? The extensive digitization of Victorian periodicals and books and the advent of Google Book Search have dramatically changed that situation. By searching with a salient phrase from a given article, one can often readily ascertain where, and under what auspices, the article has been reprinted. (Or one can work backward, from a collection, to identify prior periodical publication.) In this current Curran Index update a number of articles have been attributed with these techniques.

Volume 5 of the Wellesley Index is a de facto master bibliography for nearly 12,000 authors, the overwhelming majority of whom will never have separate scholarly bibliographies. But as Eileen often pointed out, just associating a name with an article is not enough. Names were often similar or duplicated, or spelled differently in different places, and vital dates or locations that might have provided context and specificity were frequently incorrect or missing. The whens and wheres of an author's birth or death, or further specifics regarding an author's life, could shed light on his or her writings. Eileen was often able to provide such information from her searches of the files of the Royal Literary Fund. Looking to the future, new genealogical sites and tools can now provide information which would otherwise have come only from exhaustive individual efforts. In this Curran Index update, for example, the correct birth date and location for Catherine Gore, information which has hitherto been elusive, has been determined through such a tool.

Although the prime movers of the Wellesley Index had hoped to cover more, the Index as published covered only a modest number of periodicals. After the last Wellesley volume was issued, Ruth Hiller separately published a study of the Eclectic Review, as Eileen Curran did for the Foreign Review, and the Curran Index has since provided updated information regarding these periodicals. Eileen also published a study of poetry in Bentley's Miscellany which is now updated in Curran. And in 2007 the Curran quietly started including updates to Anne Lohrli's study of Household Words. Thus, step by step the scope of the Curran Index has expanded. Without abandoning its post-Wellesley mission, our intent is to grow the Curran Index to be a general reference point for substantive attributions on a broader range of Victorian periodicals. Inputs regarding individual additions and corrections to Wellesley periodicals will still be highly valued, but we will now welcome inputs, particularly "wholesale" inputs spanning groups of articles or selected months or years, for other periodicals. To facilitate contributions, we will be flexible regarding format; the only sine qua nons for inclusion in the Curran Index will be relevance to nineteenth-century British periodicals and convincing arguments regarding the validity of information provided. All inputs reviewed and accepted by the Curran Index will be duly acknowledged and posted on the Victorian Research Web. Accordingly, this update includes as an addendum a report prepared by Antonietta Consonni on the authorship of the Calcutta Review (a quarterly established in 1844 with the goal of being a "first class English periodical in India.") A Wellesley-like analysis of the Metropolitan Magazine (a miscellany which competed with Fraser's Magazine, the New Monthly Magazine, and others in the 1830s and 1840s), is in process and will be reported in a future update.


Ainsworth's Magazine

AM 80 A Vision of Coventry, 2 (August 1842), 159-162. Add: Catherine Gore. This article is reprinted in Catherine Gore's Modern Chivalry; or, A New Orlando Furioso (London: John Mortimer, 1843).

AM 91 The Solitary Joker, 2 (September 1842), 243-247. Add: Dudley Costello. Identified in advertisement in the Spectator, Aug 27, 1842: 840.

AM 102 The One Thing Needful, 2 (October 1842), 335-340. Add: Catherine Gore. This article is reprinted in Catherine Gore's Modern Chivalry; or, A New Orlando Furioso (London: John Mortimer, 1843).

AM 144 The Adventures of Ganderfield, the bore-hater (Part 1), 3 (January 1843), 75-80. Signed: A Crotchety Man.Add: Catherine Gore. This article is reprinted as the first half of "A Fragment from the Autobiography of Squire Ganderfield" in Catherine Gore's The Birthright and other Tales. (1844)

AM 150 The Adventures of Ganderfield, the bore-hater (Part 2), 3 (February 1843), 133-140. Signed: A Crotchety Man.Add: Catherine Gore. This article is certainly by the same author as AM 144.

AM-366 The Hum of Men, 6 (August 1844), 109-113. Signed a matter of fact-or. Add: Catherine Gore. Gore claimed this article in a letter to Benjamin Disraeli, Bodleian Library, Dep. Hughenden 129/2, 225: "Pray read a paper of mine in Ainsworth's called 'The hum of men.'"

AM 383 Kate Crosby's Polka Party, 6 (September 1844), 206-211. Signed: F.F.B. Add: Taken from a story by Paul de Kock; F.F.B is Francis Frederick Brandt. See Frank Marland's Manuscripts (1859); Illustrated London News, Sep. 14, 1844: 170.

AM 453 The Doctor's Fee, 7 (February 1845), 108-114. Signed F.F.B. Add: Francis Frederick Brandt. See AM 383 above.

AM 643 The Musician and the Magpie (chaps i-v; no more published) 9 (June 1846), 472-480. Replace: all information after page numbers with uncredited translation of story by Alexandre Dumas; translator unknown. See Alexandre Dumas, The Bird of Fate and Other Stories. London, Methuen & Co. Ltd. 1922.

Bentley's Miscellany

BentM 138a Castle by the Sea: a Poem by Uhland, 2 (December 1837). Add: Trans. E.N. E.N. is Theodore Martin, as this same translation is reprinted in The Song of the Bell and other Translations from Schiller, Goethe, Uhland, and Others. (Edinburgh, Blackwood, 1889). Note Martin used the same E.N. signature in Tait 1016, "Specimens of popular German poetry"

BentM 163a The Poppy, from Uhland, 3 (March 1838). Add: Trans. E.N. E.N. is Theodore Martin; see BentM 138a above .

BentM 185a The wreath; from Uhland, 3 (May 1838). Add: Trans. E.N. E.N. is Theodore Martin; see BentM 138a above.

BentM 291 The Locksmith of Philadelphia , 5 (March 1839), 272-280. Add: Joseph Howe. This article is reprinted in Poems and Essays by the Hon. Joseph Howe (Montreal: John Lovell, 1874).

BentM 525 Bentley's Miscellany Volume 9 (February 1841) Add: "The three Ravens" was reprinted in The United States Democratic Review in 1856 as "The three Crows" by Abel Black. Abel Black might be the name of the author, but it could equally well be a pseudonym, the name of a plagiarist, or a name placeholder inserted by an editor or publisher.

BentM 2359 A night with the peelers [Irish police], 35 (January 1854), 47-58. Add: William Howard Russell. Attrib. Freeman's Journal, 4 Jan. 1854. Born and educated in Ireland, Russell first worked as a journalist there in the early 1840s. In 1853 he contributed 3 articles to BentM (nos. 2238, 2260, 2305), all signed with full name or initials. A month after this article appeared, Russell was one of the reporters sent to cover the conflict in the Crimea for the Times. Thanks to Patrick Leary for providing this information. [Note correction of number of this article.]

BentM 3787 A fortnight's ride east of Jordan (Part I), 59 (May 1866), 481-490. Add: Mrs. Eustace Smith. An article by Jeremiah Augustus Johnson in the short-lived American periodical Hours at Home; a Popular Magazine Devoted to Religious and Useful Literature details a meeting with a Mr. and Mrs. Smith whose experiences dovetail with the details provided in this article and further articles in this series. We thank David Kennedy for discovering and analyzing this connection and allowing us to include these references in the Curran Index.

BentM 3795 A fortnight's ride east of Jordan (Part II), 59 (June 1866), 575-582. Add: Mrs. Eustace Smith. See BentM 3787.

BentM 3804 A fortnight's ride east of Jordan (Part III, concl.), 60 (July 1866), 68-71. Add: Mrs. Eustace Smith. See BentM 3787.

BentM 3809 Notes of a ride from Hebron to Petra in the spring of 1865, 60 (August 1866), 140-148. Add: Mrs. Eustace Smith. See BentM 3787.

Bentley's Miscellany unidentified contributions

Rede, William Leman. An obituary notice in the Observer claimed that Rede had been 'a large contributor to the New Monthly, Bentley's, and other magazines' (undated clipping pasted into RLF case 1174, application for assistance made by Sarah Elizabeth, Rede's widow). Only Rede's contributions to NMM have been identified. Presumably 'Bentley's' is Bentley's Miscellany; both Bentley's Monthly Review and Bentley's Quarterly Review began publication several years after Rede's death. Nothing in BentM has yet been identified as by Rede.

Contemporary Review

CR 4291 A progressive Viceroy [on Lord Curzon], 78 (Aug. 1900), 281-289. Signed 'Calcutta.' Sara Jeannette Duncan (Mrs. Everard C. Cotes). Attrib. ODNB.

Eclectic Review

Mary Ruth Hiller's 'The Eclectic Review, 1805-1868,' Victorian Periodicals Review 27 (1994), 179-278, provides publishing history for the entire run of the Eclectic (179-192) but identifications only for the volumes that fall within the general guidelines of the Wellesley Index, starting in 1824. The problem of starting date had already arisen for four other periodicals. Of these, two had already been covered in earlier publications which conveniently ended their treatment at or near Wellesley's starting date: Blackwood's Magazine, in Alan Lang Strout's monograph, and the Quarterly Review, in Hill and Helen Shine's book. The importance of the Edinburgh Review, and the lack of any previous attempt to give a complete account of its contents and contributors, required that it be presented from its initial 1802 volume. The New Monthly Magazine presented more of a problem, but a good case can be made for starting consideration of it not too long before 1824. It began in 1814, as The New Monthly Magazine and Universal Register; Wellesley does not cover the eleven volumes that appeared under this title. A new series started in January 1821, with its numbering starting over again from 1 and with a telling change of title and a new editor. It now called itself The New Monthly Magazine and Literary Journal, and its editor was Thomas Campbell, a popular and respected poet. Wellesley 's coverage of The New Monthly begins in 1821, with this re-invention as a literary journal.

Though The Eclectic Review was originally included in the list of journals to be covered by Wellesley, in the end it had to be omitted. Undoubtedly one of the problems it presented was that of a starting date. After a series of short-tenured editors, in January 1814 it acquired an editor who remained for 23 years and who was identified with the journal: Josiah Conder. Therefore in future these notes will start with 'Conder's Eclectic' and in 1814 rather than 1824.

Eclectic Review unidentified contributions

Rennie, James . In applications for Royal Literary Fund assistance (case 628) in May 1859 and Sept. 1861 Rennie claimed to have contributed 'a number of Reviews of Scientific Works' to Conder's Eclectic in 1821-1822.

Smeaton, George , 1814-1889. Free Church divine; professor of exegesis, NewCollege, Edinburgh. According to his son, Oliphant Smeaton, he contributed to the Eclectic (in William Knight, Some 19th Century Scotsmen [Edinburgh and London, 1903], 108-115).

Foreign Quarterly Review

FQR 256 Murat's Sketch of the United States, 11 (January 1833), 1-29. Add as contributor: William Mark. Retain the next 5 sentences currently in the Curran Index.Alter the next sentences slightly. The evidence should read, in its entirety, as follows: In the 1830s William Mark was British Consul at Malaga ( Palmerston. Private Correspondence with Sir George Villiers … as Minister to Spain 1833-1837, ed. Roger Bullen and Felicity Strong [London: HMSO, 1985], 343, 786). Mark was a friend of Pascual de Gayangos and interested in Spanish discoveries in the Americas (Gayangos to William H. Prescott, 12 Oct. 1840 (The Correspondence of William Hickling Prescott 1833-1847, ed. Roger Wolcott, p. 164). No stretch is required to imagine Mark's having been posted somewhere in Spanish America in the 1820s; many postings to those stations were of short duration. Except once, when two names in the printed list are reversed (perhaps a printer's error), Macray, the sub-editor, left a record that so far has consistently been supported by reliable evidence.

Fraser's Magazine

FM 573 Political unions: the Northern Political Union, 8 (July 1833), 28-35. Add: William Colpitts Child. According to Frederick Hendricks in Notes and Queries, June 21, 1984, page 488, an 1836 pamphlet, "Boz, The Cockney Phenomenon. The Literati," by Childs, describes him "as the author of papers in Fraser's Magazine under the title of 'The Northern Political Union.'"

FM 638 Political unions (No. II): the members of the Northern Union (Part I), 8 (December 1833), 685-699. Add: William Colpitts Child. See FM 573.

FM 648 Political unions (No. III, concl.): the members of the Northern Union (Part II), 9 (January 1834), 65-71. Add: William Colpitts Child. See FM 573.

FM 946 My grandfather; a tale of Bath (Part 1), 13 (May 1836), 569-579. Add: John Parish Robertson. Attrib. ODNB.

FM 957 My grandfather; a tale of Bath (Part 2, concl.), 13 (June 1836), 682-693. Add: John Parish Robertson. Attrib. ODNB.

FM 1072 A Greek fragment lately discovered at Derrynane [satire on classical scholarship], 15 (May 1837), 578-580. Contributor not identified. Add: Fraser's title and Wellesley's bracketed explanation are both misleading. The 'fragment' was 'discovered' in 1829, not 'recently,' and this article aims its satire at Catholic Emancipation more than at classical scholarship. It appeared immediately after April 1837 Protestant protests against Catholics; see the House of Lords debate of 28 April 1837 (Dr. Christopher Stray, private correspondence).

FM 1997 The Smiths, 40 (November 1844), 518-536. Add: Julia Pardoe. This article is reprinted in a collection of stories by Julia Pardoe, Files in Amber Volume 1 (London: William Shoberl, 1850).

FM 2210 The Two Graves, 34 (July 1846), 13-27. Replace information after article page numbers with the following: Julia Pardoe. This article is reprinted in her collection of stories Files in Amber III (London: William Shoberl, 1850).

FM 2253 Nightmare on the rails, 34 (Nov. 1846), 522-528. Add: Angus Bethune Reach. See The Lady's Newspaper for Saturday, June 28, 1851, page 362. Here is the pertinent remark: "...some of the best papers he ever wrote appeared in Fraser's Magazine. One in particular, called 'Nightmare on the Rail,' [sic] will be remembered as a marvelous effort of vivid, highly-wrought, and terrible fancy."

FM 2400 The guerrila (Part 2), 36 (Dec. 1847), 719-727. Delete 'concl.' after 'Part 2.' See FM 2424, which is Part 3 and the true conclusion (and should be labelled as such).

FM 2587 Matrimony (Part 1), 39 (May 1849), 533-544. Replace Selina Bunbury with Anna Maria Hussey. ODNB. (Thanks to Mark Curthoys for calling this attribution to our attention.)

FM 2598 Matrimony (Part 2), 39 (June 1849), 648-660. Replace Selina Bunbury with Anna Maria Hussey. ODNB. (Thanks to Mark Curthoys for calling this attribution to our attention.)

FM 2632 Loose leaves from the note-book of a Norwegian fisher, 40 (Sept. 1849), 301-319. Robert Meason Laing, prob. Replace the attribution information with Colby, VPR 31 (1998), 335-336.

FM 4370 England and America, 68 (Oct. 1863). Delete '420' as the first page of this article, which in fact begins on p. 419.

Fraser's Magazine unidentified contributions

St. John , James Augustus. Claimed to have contributed here. RLF case 1433

Monthly Chronicle

MoC 354 The flight with the dragon, from Schiller, in the metres of the original , 7 (May 1841), Add: Trans. E.N. E.N. is Theodore Martin; see BentM 138a above.

New Monthly Magazine

Volume III, Introduction, p.168, footnote. 48

Re-work this long footnote as follows:

Retain the first two sentences (problem of the 'Patmore, Shoberl and Williams trio' who were sub-editors there early 1840s; P. G. Patmore).

For the next 5-1/2-line sentence on Williams, substitute the following :

David Edward Williams and Robert Folkestone Williams, both of them shadowy figures, remain the likeliest to be the Williamses of the trio. David Edward may have been born in the late 1780s or early 1790s; he had at least one child, Anne, born in 1812, in London. Perhaps he had always worked for book publishers and booksellers, as he did in his last 15 years. Between 1830 and 1832 Bentley published three books by him, a two-volumeLife and correspondence of Sir Thomas Lawrence, put together immediately after Lawrence's death, and two series of Lives of remarkable youths of both sexes, co-written with Don Teleforo Trueba y Cosio for Bentley's Juvenile Library. In 1834 he contributed almost monthly to NMM. Sometime in the 1830s his daughter married Edward Howard, the author of Rattlin, the reefer (published by Bentley in 1836) and a contributor to NMM. Apparently Williams continued in Colburn's employ, earning enough to support his daughter and granddaughter after the death of his son-in-law in 1841. However, when David Edward himself died about 5 years later, he left nothing for their continued support; on 31 March 1846 Anne Howard applied for Royal Literary Fund assistance (case 1135). Robert Folkestone Williams, the other Williams working for the NMM, was a more sporadic contributor, but in 1841 he was a sub-editor under Theodore Hook, then editor for a single number after Hook's sudden death. A prolific novelist, he also completed the novel Hook left unfinished in NMM.

Delete last sentence and replace with the following : Shoberl was William Shoberl (1801-1863), the elder son of Frederic Shoberl (1775-1853). In formal and informal but always unsuccessful applications between 1853 and 1856 for Royal Literary Fund aid, William Shoberl copied an old letter from Coburn testifying that William 'served me faithfully for many years in the capacity of literary Assistant & Secretary'; Shoberl used the same words in his claim (case 1323).

-----, p. 170. footnote. 54

Delete everything after semi-colon . Wellesley may omit too much of Williams's wording; add in place of the deleted section: applying for RLF aid (case 1768) on 29 June 1869, R. F. Williams wrote that '(I was Sub-Editor under Theodore Hook and Editor from the period of his death, till succeeded by Thomas Hood [1841 to 1843 inclusive]).'

NMM 1318 Literary Miseries, 25 (March 1829), 211-216. Add: Catherine Gore. This article is reprinted as "A Popular Author" in Catherine Gore's Sketches of English Character (1846).

NMM 2011 The first of September, 39 (September 1833), 52-63 Signed Sylvanus Swanquill, Esq. Add: John Hewitt. See Boase I:1455.

NMM 2144 My First Duel, 41 (August 1834), 488-492. Signed Ephraim Twigg, Add: James White, Reprinted in The Adventures of Sir Frizzle Pumpkin, the Pic-Nic, and Other Tales by James White.

NMM 4087 Gossip on Parisian authors, 81 (Nov. 1847), 327-332. Add: Robert Blakey. In several applications for RLF assistance (case 1144), Blakey listed 'Colburn's Magazine' as one of those to which he had contributed but did not identify his articles. Though Colburn's connection with the NMM had ceased at the end of 1845, many continued for years to call it 'Colburn's Magazine.' This article is reprinted in the Memoirs of Dr. Robert Blakey, ed. Henry Miller (London: Trübner, 1879), 143-157. Our thanks to Roger Hawkins for this reference.

Tait's Edinburgh Magazine

Tait 567 Phadde and his Friends (Chaps I and II), 6os, 2ns (April 1835), 227-235. Add: James White. An endorsement on a manuscript page of Tait 659 identifies White as the author of "Phadde and his Friends"; a surviving section of the manuscript of "Phadde and his Friends" is in the same handwriting as Tait 659.

Tait 616 On Advertisements; and advertising, considered as one of the fine arts, 6os, 2ns (September 1835), 575-582. Add: Richard Henry Hengist Horne. An endorsement on a surviving manuscript page identifies Horne as the author.

Tait 659 On the employment of patronage in church and state, 7os, 3ns (January 1836), 34-38. Add: James White. An endorsement on a surviving manuscript page identifies White as the author.

Tait 674 Phadde and his Friends" (Chapter III), 7os,3ns (February 1836), 123-133. Add: James White. See Tait 567 above.

Tait 687 Phadde and his Friends" (Chapter IV), 7os, 3ns (April 1836), 229-235. Add: James White. See Tait 567 above.

Tait 729 Phadde and his Friends (chap v., conclusion), 7os, 3ns (August 1836), 497-501. Add: James White. See Tait 567 above.

TAIT 1289 The Cost of a Reputation. A parable, 8 (April 1841), 230-234. Add: Catherine Gore. This article is reprinted in Catherine Gore's The Man of Fortune and Other Stories (1842).

Westminster Review

WR 290 Greek Lexicons, &c. 13 (July 1830), 86-96. Delete entire entry, which contains crucial errors and offers no evidence that Edmund Henry Barker wrote for WR. Edmund Henry Barker and Charles Barker were not brothers; Edmund Henry therefore was not related by marriage to WR editors. Add: Author unidentified.

WR 311 The Troades of Euripides. 13 (Oct. 1830), 375-377. Delete entire entry. Cf. correction above for WR 290. Add: Author unidentified.

WR 319 Brasse's Oedipus Colomeus. 13 (Oct. 1830), 488-494. Delete entire entry. Cf. correction above for WR 290. Add: Author unidentified.

WR 334 J. P. Corbett's Tour in Italy 14 (January 1831), 174-180. Add: Mary Shelley. This review contains strong similarities in wording and content to earlier essays by Mary Shelley regarding Italy, including WR 126 "English in Italy." We thank Nora Crook for pointing out this connection and providing a detailed analysis of the relevant similarities.

WR 345 Hincks's Greek Lexicon. 14 (Apr. 1831), 311-316. Delete entire entry. Cf. correction above for WR 290. These 4 articles ( WR 290. 311, 319, 345) may be by the same writer, but no evidence suggests that Edmund Henry Barker ever wrote for WR. Add: Author unidentified.

Part B, Vols. 1 - 4 / Volume 5

Reminder on notation: Authors shown with a star prefaced to their name (*) are new to the Wellesley-Curran indices. In these cases the entire entry, including information on specific articles, is new information. Authors without leading stars have been previously included in Wellesley and / or Curran indices. In these cases, the prior entries should be regarded as being altered by the indicated additions, deletions, and replacements.

Archer, Thomas Andrew. Delete present incomplete dating. In its place add: 1853 - 1905, according to Wikisource via Google.

Armitage, Robert. Delete 1804/05 as date of birth; add 1811. Wellesley calculated the year of birth from Boase's claim that Armitage was 47 when he died on 2 Feb. 1852. However, Armitage gave his year of birth as 1811 (The Critic, 11 [16 Aug. 1852], 432; information provided by the biographee). People do sometimes misrepresent their ages and Boase does make mistakes; unless there is evidence to the contrary, we prefer to take a person's own word until someone finds the man's baptismal certificate.

Barker, Charles. Revise possible date of death : died prob. c.1834. He is always described as dying young; no reference to him as living is found after late 1833, when he would have been 36. Possibly he died abroad; he is last heard of accompanying his sister to Belgium.

Barker, Edmund Henry. Delete attribution to him of WR 290, 311, 319, 345. See argument above at WR 290.

Bennett, Mary (Saunders). Add date of death : 1899. Also add information about her husband, since John Bennett is a common name: (1815-1894), publisher, journalist, and novelist. See ODNB under her brother, John Saunders; also RLF cases 1875 (Mary), 1815 (John Bennett).

*Blakey, Robert, 1795-1878, writer and prof. logic, Queen's Coll. Belfast. ODNB

Delete previous Curran Index entry under 'NMM Unidentified contributions';

Add : Parisian authors, NMM 4087-Nov47

Bloxham, Mark. Add 1796-1849, Church of Ireland curate. RLF case 1051.

*Brandt, Francis Frederick , 1819-1874, a barrister, reported for the Times in Court of Common Pleas, contributed to Bell's Life in London. See Boase I: 383.

Kate Crosby's Polka Party, AM 383 - Sep44

The Doctor's Fee, AM 453 - Feb45

*Child, William Colpitts. 1801-? See "England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975".

Political unions: the Northern Political Union, FM 573 - Jul33.

Political unions (No. II): the members of the Northern Union (Part I), FM 638 -- Dec33

Political unions (No. III, concl.): the members of the Northern Union (Part II), FM 646 - Jan34

Cooper, Katherine (Saunders). Wellesley gives her year of birth as 1841, following the DNB; the ODNB, however, changes this to 1839/40, subtracting her age at death as given on the death certificate from the year of death. See under her father, John Saunders, for whom also see more below.

Costello, Dudley.

Add : The Solitary Joker, AM 91 - Sep42

*Duncan, Sara Jeannette (Mrs. Everard C. Cotes). 1861-1922. Novelist and journalist. ODNB.

A progressive Viceroy, CR 4291-Aug00

Freund, Amelia. Delete present heading. Replace with the following:

Freund, Amelia Louisa (Rüdiger) [pseud. Amelia Lewis], b. 1824/25, d. in or after 1881; campaigner for women's rights and food reformer; mother of John Christian Freund, q.v. ODNB

Gore, Catherine Grace Frances (Moody) Replace : 1799-1861 by 1798-1861. See "England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975."

Add : A Vision of Coventry, AM 80 - Aug42

Add : The One Thing Needful, 102 - Oct42

Add : The Adventures of Ganderfield, the bore-hater (Part 1), 144 - Jan43

Add : The Adventures of Ganderfield, the bore-hater (Part 2), 150 - Feb43

Add : The hum of men, 366 - Aug44

Add : Literary Miseries, NMM 1318 - Mar29

Add : The Cost of a Reputation. A parable, Tait 1289 - Apr41

Hewlett, John Grigg. Delete present entry (Curran Index). Add: 1801-1875, Congregational minister. Information from Jeff Disson, Ontario, Canada, Hewlett's great greatgrandson.

Add : Brief notices, EclR 1415a monthly through 1896 (49)-Jul37 - Dec41

*Howe, Joseph. 1804-1873, Nova Scotian journalist and politician

The Locksmith of Philadelphia, BentM 291 - Mar39

Humphreys, Eliza Margaret J. (Gollan), called 'Rita.' Expand 3rd given name to Jane . The ODNB gives her year of birth as 1850; there is general agreement that the birth day was 14 June, but Humphreys either was unsure of the year or deliberately created doubts. When she first applied for RLF assistance (case 3016), on 11 June 1916, less than a week before a birthday, she gave her age as 58, making her birth year 1857, but she separately gave her birth year as 1862, or was it 1860? She scratched over the numbers, making them difficult to decipher. Applying again a year later, on 26 July 1917, after her birthday, she said she was 62. This would make 1855 the year of birth, but she gave 1856 (probably; the date is again difficult to read). Even her treatment of her name is strange. After various permutations, her signature on letters and receipts became 'Rita L. Humphreys'-her pseudonym plus an inexplicable initial plus her married surname.

Hannan, Charles. Delete present entry; in its place, add : 1863-1922, playwright and novelist. Times 12 Jan. 1922, 12a; RLF case 3017. He is undoubtedly the 'published author of that name' to whom Wellesley refers. According to the Times, Hannan wrote 'short stories in the magazines' before publishing his first novel in 1887; his first play was produced in 1892.

Laing, Robert Meason. Add : 1815-1886. Scottish poet, officer in Danish army; lived in Norway 1834 or '38 - 1847, in Denmark for rest of his life. Nephew of Samuel Laing 1780-1868; see W.I. Peter Fjågesund and Ruth A. Symes, The Northern Utopia. British perceptions of Norway in the nineteenth century (Amsterdam & N.Y.: Rodopi, 2003), 358-359; Per G. Gulbrandsen, Med karjol og laksestenger (Espa, 1994).

Add : Naturalist in Norway, FM 2476-2497 (3)-Jul-Sep48

Add : Loose leaves, 2632-Sep49

Mark, -----. Add first name, William. Fl. 1830s. British Consul at Malaga in 1835.

Add : Murat's Sketch of the U.S., FQR 256--Jan33 .

Martin, Sir Theodore.

Add : Trans. BentM 133a, 163a, 185a, MoC 354

Mason, George Finch. Add dates : 1847 - 30 July 1915. Information provided by his widow applying for RLF assistance (case 3001). She calls him 'Artist Author'; marriage certificate describes him as 'Artist.' As Wellesley says, his writings dealt with sporting pastimes.

Pardoe, Julia Sophia. Though the correct date of Pardoe's birth may be questioned, that given in Wellesley is probably incorrect. When she died on 26 Nov. 1862, the death certificate gave her age as 56, indicating that she was born in 1805 or 1806, depending on the month of birth. The DNB chose 1806, the date also adopted by Boase's Mod. Eng. Biog. and the Wellesley Index. The new ODNB pushes this back to 1804 after finding that she was baptized on 4 Dec. 1804; it later cites contemporary comment on Pardoe's 'constant wish to appear younger than she was' and could have noted the unreliability of nineteenth-century death certificates. An inconsistency in ODNB's still needs an explanation. It says that Pardoe published two books 'While in her teens': The Nun; a Poetical Romance, for which the British Library gives 1824 as a publication date (when Pardoe was by the ODNB's dating all but out of her teens) and Lord Morcar Hereward, published in 1829 (when Pardoe, if born in 1804, was in her mid-twenties). One needs to know when the image of the teen-age prodigy was created, and by whom. In June 1844, twenty years after the publication of that first book, in the first of four applications for RLF aid, Pardoe gave her age as 32, and 7 years later, on 15 March 1851, when she applied for a second time, she said she was 39 and had been born on 4 Dec. 1811. Neither of the last two applications gives a year of birth, only a present age that requires a birth year of 1812. There is now the oddity of claiming for her birthday the month and day that were apparently her baptismal day (but 7 or 8 years earlier). So - was she born in 1804, 1806, 1811, or 1812? The readiest explanation is that Pardoe's age was regularly but inconsistently stated. The only other, less likely possibility is that an earlier, undocumented daughter was born in 1804, baptized before an early death, and that her name and even something close to her birthday were appropriated to the next daughter to survive. Why does ODNB give the name only as Julia Pardoe while the author called herself Julia Sophia Pardoe?

Pepoli, Count Carlos

Delete: Modern Italian Romances MoC 97, 113 (2); Nov-Dec38

Delete : Austria and the Italian liberals, MoC 132; Feb39

Insert:"?" before Modern Italian Literature, MoC 272; Jun40

*de Prati, Dr. Joachim (or von Prenfeld), in Curran Index, delete dates; add 1790-1863. Also add as another alternative form of his name, Gioacchino de Prati. In addition to RLF case 577, see J. S. Mill, Coll. Works 12:203; 23:674-76, 689-91.

Reach, Angus Bethune.

Add : Nightmare on the rails, FM 2253 - Nov46

Rede, William Leman. See BentM unidentified contributions.

*Rennie, James. 1787-1867. ODNB. See Eclectic unidentified contributions.

*Robertson, John Parish, 1792-1843, merchant and writer. ODNB, RLF case 1034.

My grandfather; a tale of Bath, FM 946-957 (2) - May-Jun36

Rowe, John G. Replace middle initial with complete middle name : Gabriel. Replace 'writer of fiction' with: 'writer of adventure tales for boys.' See his application for Royal Literary Fund assistance (case 3011); he identified the Westminster Review as one of those to which he had contributed.

Russell, Sir William Howard.

Add : Night with the peelers, BentM 2359 - Jan54

Sanctis, Bartolomeo de. Add dates : 1781-1830.

Saunders, John. Delete 1810 as date of birth; add 1811. In applications for RLF aid case 974) from 1848 on, Saunders gave his date of birth as 181l; only in 1896, a year after his death, did his surviving daughters, all of them 'delicate,' change it to 1810. His dating, in the prime of life and in good health, seems more credible than his daughters' dating 50 years later. ODNB also now gives 1811 as the date of birth.

Shannon, Edward N. Add full middle name : Nathan. For d.o.b., delete 'c.1795'; add 1793/94.; on an RLF form dated 29 Nov. 1841 (case 1037), he gave his age as 47.

Shelley, Mary Wollstonecraft (Godwin)

Add : Modern Italian romances, MoC 97, 113 (2) - Nov, Dec38

Add : J. P. Corbett's Tour in Italy WR 334 - Jan31

Slaughter , FrancesElizabeth. Delete entire entry on dates; add 1851-1932. Dates given in 20th-century cover page for her RLF file, case 3024; these pages were provided by Nigel Cross, the cataloguer of the RLF Archives.

* Smeaton, George, 1814-1889. Free Church divine; professor of exegesis, NewCollege, Edinburgh. See Eclectic Unident.

*Smith, Mrs. Eustace. 1835-1919, born Martha Mary Dalrymple in India, an adventurous and independent woman, she was a patron of artists.

A fortnight's ride east of Jordan (Part I), BentM 3787 - May66

A fortnight's ride east of Jordan (Part II), BentM 3795 - Jun66

A fortnight's ride east of Jordan (Part III), BentM 3804 - Jul66

Notes of a ride from Hebron to Petra in the spring of 1865, BentM 3809 - Aug66

Soane, George. Delete 1790 as year of birth. Add in its place 1789. Wellesley here as elsewhere followed the DNB's dating, since corrected by the ODNB, which identifies the d.o.b. as 28 Nov. 1789, followed by baptism on 18 Dec. 1789.

Steevens, Christina . Insert: (1838/39 - 1911) Obituary in the Times Apr. 7, 1911, p. 11.

Townsend, C. H. see Townshend, Chauncey Hare. Delete 'e' in his forename. Add: He was born Townsend but changed the spelling of his last name in 1828, before publishing any articles identified here (ODNB).

Townshend, [Chauncey] Hare. Amend spelling of his first name to Chauncy. The online ODNB uses Chauncy rather than following the DNB's 'Chauncey.' as do other reliable sources (e.g., BL online cat., NLS cat. of Blackwood mss. 3:304).

Townshend, Richard Baxter. Add NLS cat. Blackwood MSS. 3:305 adds 'Author of Boys' Stories.'

Vicary, Michael. Add : Died 3 July 1892. Information from Dr. Susan Hood, Assistant Librarian and Archivist, Church of Ireland, Dublin; our thanks to Jerry Stevens for passing on this note.

Wehrhan, Augustus Henry. Amend entry to read: Born 1821 in Hanover; from 1846 taught music and modern languages in various British cities; still living in 1858, in which year he stole Octavian Blewitt's new silk umbrella. RLF case 1412

Wells, Nathaniel Armstrong. Add year of birth : 1806. See ODNB under his father, Nathaniel Wells (1779-1852), a half-breed West Indian slave- and land-owner. N. A. Wells was born and raised in Britain, as an adult travelled much and, as Wellesley notes, lived for some time in Caen.

White, James

Add : My First Duel, NMM 2124 - Aug34

Add : Phadde and his Friends Tait 567, 674, 687, 729; Apr35-Aug36

Add : On the employment of patronage in church and state 659, Jan36

Part C, Volumes 1 - 4 / Volume 5

Pseudonyms and Initials

Add : Ephraim Twigg - NMM 2146 - James White

Judex [judge]-BentM 183. Delete Jonathan; replace with Joseph. See 4:20, which gives correct forename for man cited. ODNB discusses Wade's correct name. He may have disliked 'Joseph'; he most often signed as 'J. Augustine Wade' and according to the ODNB even used 'John.' He never used 'Jonathan.'


: Sylvanus Swa